The culture of Argentina is as varied as the country’s geography and is composed of a mix of ethnic groups. Modern Argentine culture is largely influenced by Italian, Spanish and other European immigration. Although there are lesser elements of Amerindian and African influences, particularly in the fields of music and art. Buenos Aires, its cultural capital, is largely characterized by both the prevalence of people of European descent, and of conscious imitation of European styles in architecture. Museums, cinemas, and galleries are abundant in all the large urban centers, as well as traditional establishments such as literary bars, or bars offering live music of a variety of genres.
The sheer size of Argentina ensures an incredible natural diversity that attracts nature lovers for many years. Each part of the country offers a different ecosystem from the tropics to the Andes, waterfalls to glaciers and various species of wildlife in between. A trip through Argentina is like travelling through several countries, such is the variety available.
The climate of Argentina is a complex subject: the country’s vast size and considerable variation in altitude make for a wide range of climate types. Many regions have different, often contrasting, microclimates. In general, northern parts of the country are characterized by hot, humid, rainy summers and mild winters with periodic droughts. The center of the country has hot summers with occasional tornados and thunderstorms, and cool, dry winters. The southern part of the country has a dry climate with warm summers and cold winters. High elevations at all latitudes experience cooler conditions, and the mountainous zones can see heavy snowfall. Argentina has four seasons: winter (June–August), spring (September–November), summer (December–February) and autumn (March–May), all featuring different weather conditions.
Time & Date: GMT -3
The peso is the currency of Argentina. It is identified by the symbol $ preceding the amount in the same way as many countries using dollar currencies. It is subdivided into 100 centavos. The Argentinan Peso is very unstable and the country has a huge inflation. In recent times the official exchange rate hovered around 3 pesos per United States dollar from 2002 to 2008, was around 4 pesos from 2009 to 2011, surpassed 6 pesos in November 2013, sat at 6.5 pesos per dollar during December 2013. As of October 2014, the exchange rate was about 8 pesos per dollar, by February 2015, it was 9 per USD,and by December of the same year, 13 pesos per USD, after a record of 14.
Almost any restaurant or shop accepts USD or Euros and in most you can pay by credit card.
In almost any ATM you can get cash with a normal Visa card.
There are at least 40 spoken languages in Argentina. They include indigenous and immigrant languages, with Spanish being dominant. Some are endangered, spoken by elderly people whose descendants do not speak the languages. There is evidence of some now extinct languages.
When buying your travel insurance, always check the small print – some policies specifically exclude ‘dangerous activities’, which could be anything from scuba diving to horse riding. You should check whether the medical coverage is on a pay first, claim later basis and, more importantly, ensure that your medical coverage includes the cost of medical evacuation.
Holders of passports of all European countries can visit Argentina without a visa for up to 90 days. Citizens of the US, Canada and Australia can visit Argentina without a visa for up to 90 days but they must first pay the reciprocity fee online.
The busiest and most important international airport in Argentina is Ministro Pistarini International Airport (Ezeiza) in Buenos Aires.
Furthermore, there are several other smaller international and national airports all over the country.
Capital: Buenos Aires
Currency: Peso Argentino
Population: 43.85b million
Official languages: Spanish